The Bitcoin Loophole trading margins can be categorized into three main types with respect to a cash market segment and include

  1. The VaR or Value at Risk margin: This is considered as the heart of the margining system which is exclusive for cash market segment.

 

  • VaR margin is involved in collecting information on an upfront basis like how likely the volatility factor is likely to move over next one day.
  • It is an effective technique used to predict the value loss probability of an asset or its group based on some statistical measures of historical price trends and movements.
  • Further, this sector has three basic components like time, a level of confidence and a loss percentage upon which the value of an asset or portfolio is calculated.
  • When relating to a stock exchange scenario, a VaR margin is something which is intended to cover the largest percentage of loss which the investor must face for his purchases or selling shares occurring within a day.
  • Additionally, a VaR is tallied using EWMA or Exponentially Weighted Moving Average methodology. For this the companies holding the shares should be further divided into three like how periodically their shares get a trade, how is the liquidity maintained and how an impact cost varies according to an asset.

 

  1. The Extreme loss margins: This includes all the losses accounting outside the coverage of VaR margins.

 

  • For any stock, the Extreme loss margin is always 1.75 times higher than the standard deviation of daily stock price returns or can be also calculated as 5 percentage of the position over a certain period.
  • Always this margin rate is fixed at the starting of each month which involves the price data analyzing on a rolling basis for the past specified time say for six months or so.

 

  1. And finally, the Mark to market margin:

 

  • MTM calculations occur at the end of a day on all open positions by readily comparing the transaction price with that of the closing price of the share for that day. If any kind of MTM loss occurs, then it is meant to be paid by the coming day.
  • If by chance, on a given day, the quantity amounted to buying and selling a shares falls to be same, then the quantity position is regarded as zero but still, there could be chances of a notional loss or gain which is also accountable as MTM payable.